Living to 100

Jack Knight - 101 years old living in Oklahoma
Photo: programwitch via Flickr

There was a time when living to 100 was seen as a triumph of both personal fortitude and the wider health care and pension system that was leaving the dark days of low life expectancy behind.

Sadly current headlines imply that our attitude towards centenarians should change to one of fear and trepidation, with every newly-issued 100th birthday card from Buckingham Palace just one more nail in the coffin for the country’s finances. This is not true, as a nation and as individuals we will need to adapt and make changes but we have adequate time and resources to do so.

The figures from the Department of Work and Pensions used to whip up the worry in today’s articles are not new and were factored in by the recent Office of Budget Responsibility projections for an ageing society.

At the moment the Government increases income tax thresholds in line with inflation rates rather than the average rise in earnings.  As earnings are projected to grow more than prices in the long run, the OBR understands that this situation (known as “fiscal drag”) will not go indefinitely, for eventually almost everyone would be paying income tax and, moreover, most tax payers would be included in the higher brackets. If this were the case, projections from the OBR show that it would raise an extra 2.6% of extra revenue between 2015 and 2030  – outstripping the projected 2.5% of additional age-related revenue.

Put another way – between 2015 and 2030 we need to raise spending by around 2.5% of GDP to take account of ageing. The deficit reduction programme is currently closing a fiscal gap of 7.5%. So from 2015 we will have a fiscal challenge that is one third the size, with three times as long to phase in changes. Continue reading “Living to 100”